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Sex for LifeFrom Virginity to Viagra, How Sexuality Changes Throughout Our Lives$
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Laura Carpenter and John DeLamater

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780814772522

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814772522.001.0001

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The Life Course Consequences of Childhood Sexual Assault

The Life Course Consequences of Childhood Sexual Assault

Effects on Relationship Formation and Intimate Violence across Relationships

(p.88) 4 The Life Course Consequences of Childhood Sexual Assault
Sex for Life

Kristin Carbone-Lopez

NYU Press

This chapter analyzes the long-term consequences of physical and sexual assault in childhood. Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) experiences generally have been related to behavioral and emotional problems within childhood such as nightmares and generalized fear, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), withdrawn behavior, self-injurious behavior, precocious sexualized behavior, and other behavior problems such as running away and delinquency. However, the consequences of sexual abuse are not limited to childhood; anxiety, fear, depression, suicidality, and personality disorders in adulthood are all associated with childhood experiences of sexual abuse. Moreover, there is some suggestion that these effects differ by type of abuse; sexual acts involving the use of force or penetration have a more detrimental impact on victims and are associated with more serious long-term outcomes.

Keywords:   childhood sexual abuse, posttraumatic stress disorder, PTSD, delinquency, depression, suicidality, personality disorders

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