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The United States of the United RacesA Utopian History of Racial Mixing$
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Greg Carter

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814772492

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814772492.001.0001

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The Color Line, the Melting Pot, and the Stomach

The Color Line, the Melting Pot, and the Stomach

Chapter:
(p.108) 4 The Color Line, the Melting Pot, and the Stomach
Source:
The United States of the United Races
Author(s):

Greg Carter

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814772492.003.0005

This chapter explores African American leaders' articulations on the meaning of race that brought together everyone of African descent, and unified a diverse set of people. In particular, W. E. B. Du Bois established a definition of race that emphasized shared experience and group progress more than biology. However, descent remained central to this concept, ultimately influencing other minorities in their efforts for progress. Hence, Du Bois and other scholars recommended the removal of the “Mulatto” category from the census, so that hypodescent became the standard for all minorities. These articulations show that the collective focus for traditional racial groups are mass action, litigation, and executive intervention, rather than intermarriage.

Keywords:   race, W. E. B. Du Bois, shared experience, biology, African descent, hypodescent, Mulatto category

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