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The United States of the United RacesA Utopian History of Racial Mixing$
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Greg Carter

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814772492

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814772492.001.0001

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Wendell Phillips, Unapologetic Abolitionist, Unreformed Amalgamationist

Wendell Phillips, Unapologetic Abolitionist, Unreformed Amalgamationist

(p.45) 2 Wendell Phillips, Unapologetic Abolitionist, Unreformed Amalgamationist
The United States of the United Races

Greg Carter

NYU Press

This chapter presents Wendell Phillips's arguments to show that the defense of racial mixing existed before and after the Civil War. Phillips's argued that fighting for equal rights meant including all in the intimate making of future Americans. This claim addressed racial inequality of the decades since Jefferson and Crèvecoeur. On that note, he called Chinese and East Indians as worthy of citizenship in his 1853 editorial in the National Era—an act prescient of the Supreme Court's expansive decision in United States v. Wong Kim Ark (1898). While some historians echo Philip's optimistic statements about racial mixing in passing, they are crucial to debates around equality, politics, and constructing a post-Civil War America.

Keywords:   Civil War, National Era, Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur, racial inequality, post-Civil War America, Wendell Phillips, racial mixing, equal rights

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