The Marketization of Muslim Politics in Turkey
This book concludes with a discussion of the Gülen Movement's (GM) role in the marketization of Muslim politics in Turkey. It explores the ambiguous politics of post-political, market Islam and how the development policies associated with Kemalist republicanism, institutional laicism, and limited democratization gave rise to a unique sociopolitical context in late twentieth-century Turkey. It then considers how Islam emerged as a cultural point of contention that pitted state against society in an attempt to win the hearts and minds of the people. It argues that Fethullah Gülen can be best defined as a collective voice of neoliberal social conservatism—free markets, pious nationalism, pluralist democracy, and civil dialogue. In other words, the GM is a collective mobilization whose actors seek to normalize neo-liberal wealth accumulation with aspirations for faith-based social change. In this way, the GM plays a central role in a grand effort to increase “the Muslim share” in Turkey's political economy and to rationalize (marketize) Turkish Islam.
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