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GülenThe Ambiguous Politics of Market Islam in Turkey and the World$
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Joshua D. Hendrick

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814770986

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814770986.001.0001

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(p.89) 4 Community

Joshua D. Hendrick

NYU Press

This chapter focuses on the Gülen Movement (GM) as a social organization that creates and reproduces a “community” of loyal and “self-sacrificing” individuals who seek to foster tolerance and dialogue in an increasingly interconnected world. It also examines Fethullah Gülen's mission to cultivate a “golden generation” under the guidance of “selfless volunteers” who constitute a twenty-first-century “army of light” of hizmet insanları, along with his rationalization of a composite of vertical, horizontal, diagonal patterns of authority via an articulated system of “applied Sufism” and its social capital. The chapter shows how the GM developed a complicated regime of affiliation that begins with a small and loyal community, extending outward to a once removed strata of “friends” and to a further removed strata of “sympathizers”.

Keywords:   applied Sufism, Gülen Movement, community, Fethullah Gülen, golden generation, selfless volunteers, hizmet insanları, social capital

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