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GülenThe Ambiguous Politics of Market Islam in Turkey and the World$
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Joshua D. Hendrick

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814770986

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814770986.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2021

The Political Economy of Muslim Politics in Turkey

The Political Economy of Muslim Politics in Turkey

(p.35) 2 The Political Economy of Muslim Politics in Turkey

Joshua D. Hendrick

NYU Press

This chapter discusses the political economy of Muslim politics that gave rise to the Gülen Movement's (GM) collective mobilization. It situates the GM in its proper milieu by explaining how Turkey's Kemalist regime led a mid-century development project that steered Turkish society towards a very particular understanding of progress and modernization. The chapter begins with an overview of Islam, secularism, and the problem of national authority in Turkey before assessing President Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's legacy in terms of Turkey's political economic development. It then considers Turkey's attempt at democratization during the period 1923–1960 as well as the outbreak of social unrest and the emergence of political interest groups in the years 1961–1983. It also examines Turkey's military rule and the ratification of a new constitution, the link between liberalization and Muslim politics, and Turkey's “conservative democratic” turn. Finally, the chapter looks at Turkey's ascendant “moral majority” featuring a civil-society coalition within which the GM has emerged as the most central collective actor.

Keywords:   political economy, Muslim politics, Gülen Movement, Turkey, Islam, secularism, democratization, social unrest, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, liberalization

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