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Transpacific AntiracismAfro-Asian Solidarity in 20th-Century Black America, Japan, and Okinawa$
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Yuichiro Onishi

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814762646

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814762646.001.0001

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New Negro Radicalism and Pro-Japan Provocation

New Negro Radicalism and Pro-Japan Provocation

(p.19) 1 New Negro Radicalism and Pro-Japan Provocation
Transpacific Antiracism

Yuichiro Onishi

NYU Press

This chapter examines how black intellectual-activists with varying and competing political orientations constructed the iconography of Japan's race-conscious defiance against the global white polity in their poems and prose. It shows how such a work of political imagination, termed pro-Japan provocation, nurtured the distinct ethos of black self-determination in opposition to the Wilsonian project of liberal internationalism. It first considers William Monroe Trotter's “Fifteenth Point”—the abolition of race-based policies in all nations—before turning to New Negro radicalism that recognized the efficacy of pro-Japan provocation. It then discusses the appearance of Japan's racial-equality clause, along with New Negro intellectuals' race consciousness and the issue of white supremacy, at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. It also looks at the opposition of New Negro intellectuals and writers to the terms of disarmament agreed upon at the Washington Conference of 1921–1922.

Keywords:   race, black intellectual-activists, Japan, pro-Japan provocation, black self-determination, New Negro radicalism, New Negro, race consciousness, Paris Peace Conference, disarmament

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