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Beyond the Bonus March and GI BillHow Veteran Politics Shaped the New Deal Era$
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Stephen R. Ortiz

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814762134

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814762134.001.0001

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“The Pro-Bonus Party”

“The Pro-Bonus Party”

(p.122) 5 “The Pro-Bonus Party”
Beyond the Bonus March and GI Bill

Stephen R. Ortiz

NYU Press

This chapter explains how the Bonus issue further aroused veterans against the administration, precipitating widespread veteran political activism. The Bonus battle of 1935 had also become the point of convergence for a powerful and controversial alliance of Long, Coughlin, and veterans that raised the specter of a new party consisting of Long and Coughlin supporters, buttressed by the veteran vote. The chapter ends with Franklin D. Roosevelt's dramatic and unprecedented Bonus bill veto, delivered on May 22, 1935, to a joint session of Congress and a rapt national radio audience. The re-evaluation of veteran politics in this chapter also offers a new interpretation of the political origins of the “second” New Deal.

Keywords:   Bonus, veteran political activism, Bonus battle of 1935, Bonus bill veto, veteran politics, New Deal, Franklin D. Roosevelt

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