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Beyond the Bonus March and GI BillHow Veteran Politics Shaped the New Deal Era$
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Stephen R. Ortiz

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814762134

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814762134.001.0001

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The “New Deal” for Veterans

The “New Deal” for Veterans

(p.66) 3 The “New Deal” for Veterans
Beyond the Bonus March and GI Bill

Stephen R. Ortiz

NYU Press

This chapter examines veterans' initial reaction to Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal. The 1933 Economy Act, the second piece of legislation passed in the New Deal's “Hundred Days,” had reduced veteran benefits by more than $400 million. In response to the Economy Act, many veterans immediately broke ranks with the Roosevelt administration and questioned the authenticity of the New Deal's claims to helping the forgotten man. Members of both the Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) and the American Legion expressed outrage at this piece of legislation and its implementation by the administration. In their forceful response to the Economy Act, veterans, in particular those in the VFW, joined with other early critics of the New Deal who chastised FDR's unwillingness to reconfigure the nation's political economy.

Keywords:   Roosevelt administration, New Deal, Economy Act, veteran benefits, Veterans of Foreign Wars, American Legion

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