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Beyond the Bonus March and GI BillHow Veteran Politics Shaped the New Deal Era$
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Stephen R. Ortiz

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814762134

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814762134.001.0001

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Veterans’ Policy and Veteran Organizations, 1917–1929

Veterans’ Policy and Veteran Organizations, 1917–1929

(p.13) 1 Veterans’ Policy and Veteran Organizations, 1917–1929
Beyond the Bonus March and GI Bill

Stephen R. Ortiz

NYU Press

This chapter examines the development of veterans' policy and the establishment of the World War I veterans' organizations between 1917 and 1929. It recounts the creation of the progressive-minded World War veterans system, then turns to the transformations in federal veterans' policy prompted by the lobbying power of veterans, especially the two legislative landmarks passed in 1924: the World War Veterans Act and the Adjusted Service Compensation Act. Before 1929, Republican hegemony in Congress and in the White House, coupled with American Legion dominance in veterans' affairs, made conditions unfavorable for the politics of veterans' issues to spill over into larger political battles. But, in 1929, dissatisfaction with federal Bonus and pension policies empowered a new organizational voice in World War veterans' issues just as the ebullience of the 1920s came to an abrupt, shattering end.

Keywords:   World War I veterans' organizations, 1920s, World War veterans system, World War Veterans Act, Adjusted Service Compensation Act, American Legion

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