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Aksum and NubiaWarfare, Commerce, and Political Fictions in Ancient Northeast Africa$
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George Hatke

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814760666

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814760666.001.0001

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The Fourth Century CE

The Fourth Century CE

Aksum in Nubia

(p.67) 4. The Fourth Century CE
Aksum and Nubia

George Hatke

NYU Press

This chapter examines the conflict between Aksum and Kush triggered by the former's invasion of Nubia during the fourth century CE. Drawing on evidence based on several Aksumite inscriptions in Greek and Ge'ez, all of which describe Aksumite military campaigns in Nubia, the chapter argues that two such campaigns took place: the first in the reign of Ousanas and the second in the reign of 'Ēzānā. These campaigns were launched in an attempt to curtail the power of the Noba people who threatened Aksum's western frontier. On both occasions, however, the Aksumites were unsuccessful in holding onto Nubia for long. This chapter also considers the question of the Aksum's role in the fall of Kush.

Keywords:   invasion, Aksum, Kush, Nubia, inscriptions, military campaigns, Ousanas, 'Ēzānā, Noba people

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