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Aksum and NubiaWarfare, Commerce, and Political Fictions in Ancient Northeast Africa$
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George Hatke

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814760666

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814760666.001.0001

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The Third Century CE

The Third Century CE

Monumentum Adulitanum II (RIE 277)

(p.37) 3. The Third Century CE
Aksum and Nubia

George Hatke

NYU Press

This chapter examines Aksum's expansion towards the west and north, based on the testimony of the third-century Aksumite inscription Monumentum Adulitanum II (RIE 277). Although RIE 277 deals primarily with Aksumite military operations in northeast Africa, its references to similar operations in western Arabia provide evidence for a relative date of the inscription and substantiate the case for its authenticity as preserved by the merchant Cosmas Indicopleustes. This chapter argues that, in the course of the military campaigns described in RIE 277, the Aksumite army pushed as far north as the southeastern frontier of Roman Egypt and as far west as the modern Sudanese–Ethiopian borderlands, leaving Kush in peace.

Keywords:   expansion, Aksum, Monumentum Adulitanum II, military operations, Cosmas Indicopleustes, military campaigns, Aksumite army, Roman Egypt, Kush

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