This chapter examines religious and material change in El Alberto from Catholic perspectives. More specifically, it considers the transformation of El Alberto's patron saint festival and the emergence of a collective labor system that exists today. It explores the dilemma faced by Catholics and other non-evangelicals in El Alberto with respect to keeping their patron saint festival afloat in the face of the increasing number of people converting to Pentecostalism or leaving for the United States. It shows that the town's Catholics attribute socioeconomic development to a diverse combination of political and material causes, rather than religion. It explains how Catholics managed to retain the solidarity-building function of the traditional festivals by transferring it to the secular realm, as El Alberto's system of collective labor came to provide an infrastructure for community projects. The chapter concludes by focusing on how an ethic of collective participation made way for cooperation between Catholics and Protestants as they generate alternatives to migration.
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