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Empires and IndigenesIntercultural Alliance, Imperial Expansion, and Warfare in the Early Modern World$
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Wayne E. Lee

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814753088

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814753088.001.0001

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“Cleansing the Land”

“Cleansing the Land”

Dutch-Amerindian Cooperation in the Suppression of the 1763 Slave Rebellion in Dutch Guiana

(p.251) 10 “Cleansing the Land”
Empires and Indigenes

Marjoleine Kars

NYU Press

In 1763, a slave rebellion erupted in the Dutch colony of Berbice in northern South America. The great majority of the colony's enslaved people were caught up in the rebellion, as either rebels or fugitives. It took the Dutch almost two years to restore their authority. This was made possible by Dutch reinforcements who forced the rebels deeper into the jungle and the help of Amerindians who possessed the strength, local knowledge, and military skills for jungle fighting that the Dutch lacked. This chapter sketches the unfolding of the Berbice slave rebellion and describes the role of Amerindians in its suppression. What did the alliance of natives and colonists consist of? How was it organized? What held it together? How did Amerindian assistance help the Dutch project power and establish its coercive authority?

Keywords:   slave rebellion, Dutch colony, Berbice, Amerindians, indigenous peoples, colonial power

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