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Ballots, Babies, and Banners of PeaceAmerican Jewish Women's Activism, 1890-1940$
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Melissa R. Klapper

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814748947

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814748947.001.0001

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“Where the Yellow Star Is”

“Where the Yellow Star Is”

American Jewish Women, the Peace Movement, and Jewish Identity during the 1930s and World War II

(p.174) 5 “Where the Yellow Star Is”
Ballots, Babies, and Banners of Peace

Melissa R. Klapper

NYU Press

This chapter examines a new set of challenges facing Jewish women in the peace movement during the 1930s. As the international scene deteriorated, the Depression spread worldwide, and Hitler rose to power, the female and Jewish identities that underlay American Jewish women's peace activism steadily came into conflict with each other. Eventually, most Jewish women in the peace movement faced a crucial choice between their political beliefs and their religious, ethnic, and cultural identities. Decades of committed peace work at home and abroad, meaningful friendships, and synthesis of gender and religious identity could not withstand what most American Jewish women considered an existential threat to the survival of Jews and Judaism.

Keywords:   peace movement, Depression, World War II, American Jewish women, peace activism, Jews, Judaism

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