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Black Women's Christian ActivismSeeking Social Justice in a Northern Suburb$
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Betty Livingston Adams

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780814745465

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814745465.001.0001

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“You Just as Well Die with the Ague as with the Fever”

(p.151) Conclusion
Black Women's Christian Activism

Betty Livingston Adams

NYU Press

The conclusion extends the arc of black women’s Christian activism into World War II as the fight against fascism transformed race, class, and gender into matters of national defense. This book has added complexity to the understanding of how ordinary women like Violet Johnson and Florence Randolph, operating in liminal space and requiring white middle-class concurrence to move forward, exercised agency within male hierarchies and middle-class women’s organizations in the struggle for social justice. Though their language changed and their goals evolved, the basic strategy, community organizing, remained constant, as did the belief in just laws and moral institutions. While showing that the course of segregation and black women’s activism followed different trajectories and chronologies in the North and South, this book supports the argument for a long Civil Rights Movement that transected geographic, class, and gender boundaries.

Keywords:   agency, church women’s activism, Civil Rights Movement, Violet Johnson, Florence Randolph, segregation, social justice, women’s organizations, World War II

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