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Becoming BiculturalRisk, Resilience, and Latino Youth$
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Paul R. Smokowski and Martica Bacallao

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814740897

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814740897.001.0001

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Cultural Adaptation Styles and Health

Cultural Adaptation Styles and Health

Risks of Staying Separate or Assimilating

(p.130) 5 Cultural Adaptation Styles and Health
Becoming Bicultural

Paul R. Smokowski

Martica Bacallao

NYU Press

This chapter examines the impact of cultural adaptation styles on the mental health, health, and adjustment in Latino immigrant adolescents and adults. Drawing on theoretical frameworks combined with empirical research on acculturation and health behavior, the chapter explores mental health differences between foreign-born Latino immigrants and U.S.-born Latinos. It shows that higher levels of assimilation are associated with negative health behaviors and mental health difficulties for both Latino adolescents and adults, and that Latinos who have become more assimilated to the host culture display higher levels of alcohol and drug use. It also considers how acculturation relates to youth violence, dating violence, self-directed violence, internalizing problems such as depression and anxiety, and sexual behavior.

Keywords:   cultural adaptation, mental health, adjustment, Latino adolescents, acculturation, health behavior, Latino immigrants, Latinos, assimilation, Latino adults

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