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Becoming BiculturalRisk, Resilience, and Latino Youth$
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Paul R. Smokowski and Martica Bacallao

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814740897

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814740897.001.0001

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Balancing between Two Worlds

Balancing between Two Worlds

The Integration Stage of Bicultural Development

(p.100) 4 Balancing between Two Worlds
Becoming Bicultural

Paul R. Smokowski

Martica Bacallao

NYU Press

This chapter examines how Latino immigrant families view the integration stage of bicultural development. Using alternation theory as a guide, it considers how the process of becoming bicultural is shaped by different environmental systems such as family, friends, and peers. It also explores the immigrant families' relationship to their culture-of-origin and to the U.S. host culture as well as the cultural capital, opportunities, and challenges they face in living between two cultures. Finally, it discusses how Latino families strongly encouraged biculturalism by reinforcing familism and practicing restrictive parenting strategies. The chapter highlights the benefits and challenges inherent in developing bicultural skills, especially the ways that bilingualism and peer networks facilitate bicultural development.

Keywords:   integration, alternation theory, culture-of-origin, host culture, cultural capital, biculturalism, Latino immigrant families, familism, bicultural skills, bilingualism

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