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Becoming BiculturalRisk, Resilience, and Latino Youth$
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Paul R. Smokowski and Martica Bacallao

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814740897

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814740897.001.0001

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From Contact to Conflict

From Contact to Conflict

How Assimilation Mechanisms Underpin the Exploration and Adaptation Stage in Bicultural Development

(p.59) 3 From Contact to Conflict
Becoming Bicultural

Paul R. Smokowski

Martica Bacallao

NYU Press

This chapter examines the impact of assimilation mechanisms on Latino immigrant families, with particular emphasis on how acute assimilation pressures prompt Latino adolescents and their parents to explore and adapt to the host culture. It begins with a discussion of assimilation theory and two interpersonal and institutional mechanisms that drive assimilation in daily life: monolingualism and discrimination. It then considers monolingualism and discrimination in Latino immigrants' specific transactions with others in schools, workplaces, and churches. It shows that monolingualism was a strong form of interpersonal and institutional discrimination against Spanish speakers, and that discrimination regulated belonging by enforcing conformity with U.S. norms, appearance, and behaviors.

Keywords:   assimilation, Latino immigrant families, Latino adolescents, host culture, monolingualism, discrimination, Latino immigrants, schools, workplaces, churches

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