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Becoming BiculturalRisk, Resilience, and Latino Youth$
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Paul R. Smokowski and Martica Bacallao

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814740897

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814740897.001.0001

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Enculturation after Immigration

Enculturation after Immigration

How Latino Family Systems Change and How They Stay the Same during the Diffuse, Bifurcated Stage of Acculturation Contact

(p.29) 2 Enculturation after Immigration
Becoming Bicultural

Paul R. Smokowski

Martica Bacallao

NYU Press

This chapter explores enculturation or culture-of-origin involvement, with particular emphasis on how Latino immigrant families maintain their ethnic identities. Drawing on a combination of qualitative and quantitative data from a study that was conducted as part of the Latino Acculturation and Health Project, it examines major changes in immigrant family systems that occur during the diffused, bifurcated stage of acculturation contact following immigration to the United States. Based on qualitative interviews with parents and adolescents from 100 Latino families, the chapter considers how Latino family systems change after immigration, how these changes affect family members' levels of enculturation (or ethnic identity) and family relationships, and what factors best explain postimmigration family system adjustment. It shows how the combined power of familism and maintaining culture-of-origin tradition and rituals relates to ethnic identity in the immigrant adolescents and shows that culture-of-origin involvement and biculturalism are positively correlated with family cohesion and adaptability. Finally, it discusses the implications of the findings for clinical practice with immigrant families.

Keywords:   enculturation, Latino immigrant families, Latino Acculturation and Health Project, acculturation, immigration, parents, adolescents, familism, ethnic identity, biculturalism

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