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Aztlán and ArcadiaReligion, Ethnicity, and the Creation of Place$
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Roberto Ramón Lint Sagarena

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780814740606

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814740606.001.0001

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Conquest and Legacy

Conquest and Legacy

1 Conquest and Legacy
Aztlán and Arcadia

Roberto Ramón Lint Sagarena

NYU Press

This chapter examines commonly held historical assumptions and nationalist attitudes before and during the Mexican-American War in Mexico and the United States. More specifically, it considers early American impressions of Mexico's northern region and the various arguments that were made to assert the legitimacy of the American conquest of California. It discusses the ways that Americans and Mexicans made claims of historical and cultural continuity with Latin America's earliest Indigenous and colonial pasts in making sense of their postwar present, with particular emphasis on the efforts of Criollos (people of Spanish descent born in the Americas). It also explores the sustained American critique of the secularization of the missions to California under Mexican rule and concludes with an analysis of Californios' own nostalgic recounting of their life stories in testimonials.

Keywords:   missions, Mexican-American War, Mexico, United States, conquest, California, Latin America, Criollos, secularization, Californios

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