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Just TradeA New Covenant Linking Trade and Human Rights$
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Berta Esperanza Hernández-Truyol and Stephen Joseph Powell

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814736937

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814736937.001.0001

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Exploitation or Progress?

Exploitation or Progress?

Health and Human Well-Being

(p.114) 7 Not Just a Question of Capital
Just Trade

Berta Esperanza Hernández-Truyol

Stephen Joseph Powell

NYU Press

This chapter examines labor standards that qualify as fundamental human rights and the extent to which existing trade agreements protect labor rights. In particular, it considers the potential use of GATT Article XX's General Exceptions to promote public morals, health, and welfare. It first discusses labor within the human rights and international trade frameworks and goes on to assess the concerns of less developed countries about conditioning trade access on worker treatment. It then explores the degree to which globalization can erode labor standards and reward inconsistent values, along with the immigration effects of trade agreements. It also evaluates trade and labor in the Americas and the role of labor rights in future trade agreements by focusing on the NAFTA, the U.S.-Chile free trade agreement, and the Central America-Dominican Republic-United States Free Trade Agreement.

Keywords:   labor standards, human rights, trade agreements, labor rights, GATT, labor, international trade, globalization, immigration, NAFTA

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