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Just TradeA New Covenant Linking Trade and Human Rights$
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Berta Esperanza Hernández-Truyol and Stephen Joseph Powell

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814736937

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814736937.001.0001

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From Excess to Despair

From Excess to Despair

Indigenous Populations

(p.206) 11 First Peoples First
Just Trade

Berta Esperanza Hernández-Truyol

Stephen Joseph Powell

NYU Press

This chapter examines whether the trade regime, including NAFTA, has alleviated property or merely perpetuated it. It begins with an overview of poverty within the human rights and international trade frameworks, with particular emphasis on antipoverty initiatives launched in various countries. It then cites data that paint the reality of poverty worldwide, along with the complex nature of poverty and how poverty is measured. It also considers trade and human rights approaches to poverty eradication, the role of agricultural reform in poverty reduction in terms of enhancing food security, the potential of the WTO Agriculture Agreement to eradicate poverty, and the link between poverty and immigration. Finally, it argues that trade liberalization is not producing its intended results such as poverty eradication, increase in productivity and development, and better quality of life.

Keywords:   poverty, NAFTA, human rights, international trade, poverty eradication, agricultural reform, poverty reduction, food security, immigration, trade liberalization

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