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Radicalism at the CrossroadsAfrican American Women Activists in the Cold War$
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Dayo F. Gore

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814732366

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814732366.001.0001

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Race and Gender at Work

Race and Gender at Work

From the Labor Journalism of Marvel Cooke to Vicki Garvin and the National Negro Labor Council, 1935–1956

Chapter:
(p.100) 4 Race and Gender at Work
Source:
Radicalism at the Crossroads
Author(s):

Dayo F. Gore

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814732366.003.0004

Drawing on the work and writings of Marvel Cooke and Vicki Garvin, this chapter explores how black women analyzed—and resisted—the dual impact of gender and race discrimination in the labor market during the early Cold War years. It details the journalism of Marvel Cooke, who chronicled the experiences of black women domestic workers by revisiting the “Bronx Slave Markets” in the pages of the New York newspaper The Daily Compass. It follows the political development of Vicki Garvin, as her commitment to labor activism took her from Smith College, where she became one of the first black women in the college to earn a master's degree in economics, to wartime work at the National Labor War Board and to leadership in the National Negro Labor Council during the 1950s. Their labor activism, which went beyond the traditional bounds of trade union organizing, illustrates how black women radicals helped to develop a more expansive view of labor activism that addressed the full range of experiences of black women workers.

Keywords:   black women radicals, gender discrimination, race discrimination, labor market, Marvel Cooke, Vicki Gavin, Bronx Slave Markets, The Daily Compass, labor activism, black women workers

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