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Our Biometric FutureFacial Recognition Technology and the Culture of Surveillance$
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Kelly A. Gates

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814732090

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814732090.001.0001

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Automated Facial Expression Analysis and the Mobilization of Affect

Automated Facial Expression Analysis and the Mobilization of Affect

(p.151) 5 Automated Facial Expression Analysis and the Mobilization of Affect
Our Biometric Future

Kelly A. Gates

NYU Press

This chapter explores the development of automated facial expression analysis, the effort to program computers to recognize facial expressions as they form on and move across people's faces. While facial recognition technology treats the face as a “blank somatic surface” to be differentiated from other faces as an index of identity, automated facial expression analysis treats the dynamic surface of the face as the site of differentiation. In automated facial expression analysis, the dimensions and intensities of facial movements are analyzed as indices of emotion and cognition to determine what people are thinking and feeling. Automation of facial expression analysis promises to accomplish what facial recognition technology fails to do: read the interior of the person off the surface of the face, using the face itself as a field of classifiable information about the individual.

Keywords:   automated facial expression analysis, facial recognition technology, facial movements, emotion, cognition

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