This chapter discusses the history of the intersex movement and the development of its goals and strategies. The intersex activist movement was born in 1993, when the Intersex Society of North America (ISNA) was formed by Bo Laurent (formerly known as Cheryl Chase). ISNA had two goals: to provide a support network for people with an intersex condition and to develop strategies to challenge the traditional medical protocol for the treatment of infants born with this condition. Accomplishments by women's health movements and patient health movements also helped the intersex movement develop a framework for advancing its medical goals. This chapter considers the growth of the intersex movement, in part by forming alliances with physicians, and the debate over whether to abandon the term “intersex” in favor of “disorders of sex development.”
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