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What Is Parenthood?Contemporary Debates about the Family$
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Linda C. McClain and Daniel Cere

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814729151

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814729151.001.0001

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Developmental Outcomes for Children Raised by Lesbian and Gay Parents

Developmental Outcomes for Children Raised by Lesbian and Gay Parents

Chapter:
(p.171) Chapter Eight Developmental Outcomes for Children Raised by Lesbian and Gay Parents
Source:
What Is Parenthood?
Author(s):

Fiona Tasker

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814729151.003.0008

This chapter examines developmental outcomes for children raised by lesbian and gay parents. It first surveys the pathways to parenthood by gay men and lesbians (such as adoption, the use of assisted reproductive technologies, and after heterosexual separation or divorce), and the extent to which current legal regimes support those pathways. It then provides an overview of key studies of children brought up by lesbian and gay parents, pointing out limitations in prior studies and how more recent studies provide probative evidence that children reared by lesbian and gay parents do not fare worse than children reared by heterosexual or opposite-sex parents. These studies generally are consistent with the diversity model's claim that family form in and of itself makes little difference to child well-being; instead, what matters are quality of parenting, access to resources, and the social systems surrounding the family. The chapter concludes that further legal change is necessary to support different routes to family formation and to recognize and meet the needs of children in diverse families.

Keywords:   child reading, gay parents, lesbian parents, parenthood, parenting, diversity model, family

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