This chapter examines how the environment is increasingly being understood as constitutive of biological diversities. In particular, it considers the varying logics of diversity that underpin basic scientific approaches to endangered animal reproduction in zoos. It looks at basic scientists' desire to know and to save biological diversity that was frequently articulated through a love of animals and of nature, which is a defining feature of “biodiversity” more generally. In this context, cloning becomes a means for understanding, and thus appreciating, the diversity of life forms on Earth. The chapter situates the use of interspecies nuclear transfer within these relational approaches to biological developments and explores the significance of this research agenda for the ways in which zoos currently mediate the meaning of nature itself. Finally, it compares relational approaches to biology with genetic values, which locate “endangered species” in shared genealogy.
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