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Cloning Wild LifeZoos, Captivity, and the Future of Endangered Animals$
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Carrie Friese

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814729083

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814729083.001.0001

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Transpositions

Transpositions

Chapter:
(p.71) 3 Transpositions
Source:
Cloning Wild Life
Author(s):

Carrie Friese

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814729083.003.0003

This chapter examines how the practices and bodies of domestication have been introduced into the reproduction of endangered animals as a kind of infrastructure. It considers how the cloned gaur, African wildcats, and sand cat are bound up in what Sarah Franklin has called transbiology. The chapter uses the term “transposition” to refer to the meaning of technology development in zoos and its consequences for our conceptualizations of nature. It discusses the social project of transposing the bodies and techniques of domestic animals into zoo animal reproduction and relates it to the presumption that nature and biology are not fixed, but are instead malleable to social designs. It also explains how interspecies nuclear transfer can be conceptualized as a means for overcoming the lack of a biologically mediated infrastructure for working with endangered animals in bioscience. Finally, it explores the meaning of transbiology for our notion of wildlife and wild life and how genetic engineering and cloning can be articulated within the context of transbiology.

Keywords:   domestication, endangered animals, transbiology, transposition, zoos, nature, domestic animals, interspecies nuclear transfer, cloning, animal reproduction

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