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Cloning Wild LifeZoos, Captivity, and the Future of Endangered Animals$
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Carrie Friese

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814729083

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814729083.001.0001

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Debating Cloning

Debating Cloning

(p.21) 1 Debating Cloning
Cloning Wild Life

Carrie Friese

NYU Press

This chapter examines the debates surrounding the cloning of endangered animals in zoos and situates them in the controversies over interspecies nuclear transfer. It begins with a brief review of chimeras as hybrids and bridges and what they mean in the specific subcultures of zoos and species preservation before discussing the use of these categories in the classification of cloned endangered animals. It then outlines three major positions regarding cloning in zoos: the first position holds that animals produced through interspecies nuclear transfer are endangered species, the second claims that they are not, and the third contends that some cloned animals—depending on sex—could strategically count as part of the endangered population. The chapter interprets these different classifications as arguments for different scientific practices in zoos that embody different “visions” of the zoo, roles of the life sciences in endangered species preservation, and conceptualizations of nature more generally.

Keywords:   cloning, endangered animals, zoos, interspecies nuclear transfer, chimeras, hybrids, bridges, species preservation, cloned endangered animals, endangered species

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