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Community CriminologyFundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias$
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Ralph B. Taylor

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780814725498

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.001.0001

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Selectivity Bias

Selectivity Bias

Metamodels, Selection Effects, and Neighborhood Effects

Chapter:
(p.224) 9 Selectivity Bias
Source:
Community Criminology
Author(s):

Ralph B. Taylor

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0009

This chapter examines selection effects. On the “input” side of the boat metamodel, these pose a formidable alternate explanation of neighborhood effects. More recently, this problem has drawn attention as it shapes the “output” side of the boat model. The chapter first sketches different approaches to selection and different types of selection. It then outlines three different varieties of incidental selection dynamics: (i) those affecting spatial community or subcommunity contexts; (ii) those affecting nonspatial (usually social) contexts; and (iii) those affecting supracommunity contexts. Each of these links to a different type of metamodel and each presents distinct conceptual and analytic challenges. A closing comment suggests that researchers, at the outset of their investigation, simultaneously consider the potential relevance of all three varieties of selection effects. Which selection dynamics are deemed relevant, and how they are incorporated, will depend not only on the type of metamodel used by the researcher but also on the specific theories being tested.

Keywords:   selection effects, boat metamodel, community criminology, subcommunity, supracommunity

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