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Community CriminologyFundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias$
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Ralph B. Taylor

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780814725498

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.001.0001

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Temporal Scaling II

Temporal Scaling II

A Temporally Dynamic Metamodel

Chapter:
(p.173) 7 Temporal Scaling II
Source:
Community Criminology
Author(s):

Ralph B. Taylor

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0007

This chapter first discusses correspondences between temporal and spatial scaling. Two main parallels are noted. At the very least, concepts of durational ambiguity and time horizon suggest a modifiable temporal unit problem (MTUP), analogous to the modifiable area unit problem (MAUP) widely recognized in geography. The idea of time horizons and questions about the unity of time horizons also implies that connections between indicators of different concepts in a conceptual model will be highlighted or masked depending on how the data are aggregated or disaggregated temporally. These broader implications parallel some implications arising from spatial scaling questions. The chapter attempts solutions to the temporal confusions raised in the previous chapter by explicitly framing the snarl in a corresponding metamodel. Metamodels corresponding to three different perspectives are developed: methodological holism, meso-level holism, and methodological individualism.

Keywords:   temporal scaling, spatial scaling, metamodels, methodological holism, meso-level holism, methodological individualism

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