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Community CriminologyFundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias$
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Ralph B. Taylor

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780814725498

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.001.0001

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Spatial Scaling I

Spatial Scaling I

Relevance and Conceptual Importance

(p.69) 3 Spatial Scaling I
Community Criminology

Ralph B. Taylor

NYU Press

This chapter is the first of three examining spatial scaling and its metatheoretical implications. Spatial scaling, generally, considers how thinking about relevant theoretical processes depends—or does not—on the geographic extent of the units being investigated. It refers to a range of potential concerns which are simultaneously theoretical and methodological. The chapter highlights three related theoretical concerns involving spatial scaling. The first is about assuming homology versus discontinuity across spatial scales, and the connections between these assumptions and what are generally referred to as aggregation versus disaggregation issues. The second concern involves potential conceptual missteps related to spatial scaling. The third matter involves the potential which aggregation by geographic proximity has for creating conceptual confusion or potentially misleading results. The closing section summarizes the main arguments of the chapter.

Keywords:   spatial scaling, community criminology, homology, discontinuity, aggregation, geographic proximity

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