This chapter describes the psychology of intentionality and the implications of this research for tort law. Psychologists have examined the intentionality bias, a psychological tendency to attribute intent to actors. The chapter reveals the interplay between judgments of intentionality and harm, and how perceptions of intentionality are linked to judgments of responsibility. This psychology helps to explain why the intentional torts remain a robust and essential part of the framework of the tort system. In addition, the determination of whether an action is intentional is a key part of fact finders’ assessment of tort liability.
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