This chapter covers the sacramental theology of the Swiss Reformer Huldrych Zwingli. Zwingli viewed spirit and material as being utterly separate and therefore deemed it impossible for material objects to be conduits of spiritual blessing. He defined a sacrament as “a sign of a sacred thing—that is, of grace that has been given.” Sacraments are thus signs of the work of grace done by God in Christ through the power of the Holy Spirit, not the means of that work of grace. Baptism is a sign of the regenerative work of the Holy Spirit and Eucharist a sign memorializing the redemptive death of Jesus Christ. While Zwingli and Luther agreed in their opposition to transubstantiation, they could not agree on the nature of Christ’s presence in the sacraments, and this chapter recounts the specifics of their disagreements.
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