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Christian Theologies of the SacramentsA Comparative Introduction$
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Justin S. Holcomb and David A. Johnson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780814724323

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814724323.001.0001

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Aquinas on the Sacramental Life

Aquinas on the Sacramental Life

(p.81) 5 Aquinas on the Sacramental Life
Christian Theologies of the Sacraments

Matthew Levering

NYU Press

This chapter addresses the sacramental theology of the influential thirteenth-century theologian and philosopher Thomas Aquinas, whose theology of the sacraments also included the seven sacraments of Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Marriage, Ordination, Confession (Penance), and Extreme Unction. This chapter also describes how his theology of the sacraments is connected to Christ’s mission of reconciliation for humanity, a mission in which human beings are invited to participate. Various aspects of this mission as related to the sacraments include love, holiness, evangelism, refraining from sin, and the vanquishing of death. Moreover, Aquinas viewed sacraments as gifts of grace from the Risen Christ that aid in this mission of reconciliation for humanity.

Keywords:   sacrament, Eucharist, baptism, grace, Thomas Aquinas

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