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Christian Theologies of the SacramentsA Comparative Introduction$
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Justin S. Holcomb and David A. Johnson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780814724323

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814724323.001.0001

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St. Basil the Great

St. Basil the Great

Chapter:
(p.24) 2 St. Basil the Great
Source:
Christian Theologies of the Sacraments
Author(s):

Jacob N. Van Sickle

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814724323.003.0003

This chapter addresses the sacramental theology of Basil, the influential Cappadocian Church Father who insisted that proper understanding of the sacraments must be rooted in Scripture, adhere to orthodox Christianity as it emerged from the Council of Nicaea (325), and address the pastoral issues of a fourth-century culture in which sacred and secular societies were increasingly merging. Basil’s theology of baptism highlighted the role of the Trinity, and his theology of the Eucharist was “oriented toward the message of Scripture and the inspiration of faith.” This chapter also emphasizes the contextual nature of theology, such that studying the theology of someone like Basil must be accompanied by studying the various cultural influences of the time.

Keywords:   sacrament, Eucharist, baptism, grace, Council of Nicaea, Basil

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