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Christian Theologies of the SacramentsA Comparative Introduction$
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Justin S. Holcomb and David A. Johnson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780814724323

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814724323.001.0001

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Patristic and Medieval Theologies of Sacraments

Patristic and Medieval Theologies of Sacraments

Chapter:
(p.15) 1 Patristic and Medieval Theologies of Sacraments
Source:
Christian Theologies of the Sacraments
Author(s):

Ryan M. Reeves

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814724323.003.0002

Part I, on patristic and medieval theologies of sacraments, covers Basil, Augustine, Peter Lombard, Thomas Aquinas, and Duns Scotus. This chapter begins Part I and addresses the sacraments in patristic and medieval theology, how the “mysteries” of the Christian faith were understood and incorporated into the life of the early and medieval Christians with emphasis on “the unity of the church in the life of the Eucharist, as it was the definitive mark of grace upon a church that had been graced with the presence of the Spirit.” This chapter also describes Augustine’s focus on sacraments as expressions of the grace of God, the importance of sourcebooks compiled in the Early Middle Ages by the likes of Isidore of Seville, the impact of the Fourth Lateran Council (1215) on sacramental theology, and Thomas Aquinas’s scholastic approach to the sacraments. Finally, this chapter addresses how John Wycliffe and Jan Hus responded, and how their response set the stage for the Reformation.

Keywords:   sacrament, Eucharist, baptism, grace, patristic theology, medieval theology, Fourth Lateran Council, Isidore of Seville

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