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Settler Colonialism, Race, and the LawWhy Structural Racism Persists$
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Natsu Taylor Saito

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780814723944

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814723944.001.0001

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“Emancipated” African Americans

“Emancipated” African Americans

Rights and Redundancy

(p.94) 6 “Emancipated” African Americans
Settler Colonialism, Race, and the Law

Natsu Taylor Saito

NYU Press

This chapter looks at the ways in which settler colonial interests have shaped social relations and governmental policies since the abolition of slavery. Following the Civil War, the gains of the Reconstruction era were quickly rolled back as formerly enslaved persons were geographically contained, subjected to social violence and terror, criminalized, and forced into convict labor. A pervasive system of apartheid was implemented and not legally dismantled until the 1950s, and racial segregation remains pervasive today. Despite the changes brought by the civil rights era, with deindustrialization African Americans have increasingly been viewed as a “surplus” population. One result has been the pervasive policing of Black communities and mass incarceration.

Keywords:   emancipation, Reconstruction, apartheid, convict labor, lynching, civil rights, deindustrialization, mass incarceration, policing

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