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Caribbean Religious HistoryAn Introduction$
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Ennis B. Edmonds and Michelle A. Gonzalez

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780814722343

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814722343.001.0001

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Mainline and Sideline

Mainline and Sideline

Post-Independence Mainline Protestantism and Pentecostalism

(p.155) 7 Mainline and Sideline
Caribbean Religious History

Ennis B. Edmonds

Michelle A. Gonzalez

NYU Press

This chapter focuses on the role of the churches in the post-emancipation era and the emergence of the distinction between “mainline” churches (European-derived, with high status) and “clap-hand” churches (Evangelical and Pentecostal groups that originated mainly in the United States and are associated with lower classes). The 1900s were marked by the departure of Europe from the Caribbean as colonies struggled for their independence. But as European powers faded into the background, the United States emerged as a dominating presence. With this came the arrival of Protestant missionaries in formerly Spanish Roman Catholic colonies. There was also an explosion of Pentecostalism and Evangelical Christianity across Latin America and the Caribbean.

Keywords:   Caribbean religion, mainline churches, clap-hand churches, evangelicals, pentecostals, Protestantism, Evangelical Christianity

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