Looking for Air
Looking for Air
Excavating Destructive Educational and Racial Policies to Build Successful School Communities
This chapter considers how education can be used as part of early intervention to keep children out of the existing juvenile justice system, especially African American boys. It outlines three approaches to addressing the racial disparities in school discipline and high-stakes testing and examines the federal government's role in public education as well as its effect on African American boys. It explains how federal policies applicable to all students, zero tolerance and No Child Left Behind, have led to excessively high rates of school exclusions that have especially adverse effects on African American boys. It also explores how the federal government has addressed the issue of racism and argues that it needs to take the lead in redefining educational policy to be child-centered and in accordance with child development theory. Finally, the chapter offers suggestions for crafting policy geared toward creating an “architecture of inclusion” as the hallmark of education.
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