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Justice for KidsKeeping Kids Out of the Juvenile Justice System$
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Nancy E. Dowd

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814721377

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814721377.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Looking for Air

Looking for Air

Excavating Destructive Educational and Racial Policies to Build Successful School Communities

(p.107) 5 Looking for Air
Justice for Kids

Theresa Glennon

NYU Press

This chapter considers how education can be used as part of early intervention to keep children out of the existing juvenile justice system, especially African American boys. It outlines three approaches to addressing the racial disparities in school discipline and high-stakes testing and examines the federal government's role in public education as well as its effect on African American boys. It explains how federal policies applicable to all students, zero tolerance and No Child Left Behind, have led to excessively high rates of school exclusions that have especially adverse effects on African American boys. It also explores how the federal government has addressed the issue of racism and argues that it needs to take the lead in redefining educational policy to be child-centered and in accordance with child development theory. Finally, the chapter offers suggestions for crafting policy geared toward creating an “architecture of inclusion” as the hallmark of education.

Keywords:   education, children, juvenile justice system, African American boys, racial disparities, zero tolerance, No Child Left Behind, school exclusions, racism, educational policy

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