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1929Mapping the Jewish World$
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Hasia Diner and Gennady Estraikh

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814720202

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814720202.001.0001

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When the Local Trumps the Global

When the Local Trumps the Global

The Jewish World of São Paulo, Brazil, 1924–1940

Chapter:
(p.155) 10 When the Local Trumps the Global
Source:
1929
Author(s):

Jeffrey Lesser

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814720202.003.0011

This chapter examines the life of Jewish immigrants in São Paulo, Brazil, during the period 1924–1940 to highlight the importance of the local and how national policies reinforced and promoted intracommunal conflicts. In the years after World War I, Jews made up a significant portion of the increased eastern European migration to Brazil. The eastern European Jews who had arrived first in Brazil made issues such as the Yiddish language and Zionism part of a “community standard” that seemed foreign to many central European Jews. This chapter considers the communal life of Jewish-Brazilians to better understand the processes of immigration and ethnic identification as a national, rather than diasporic, phenomenon. It also analyzes the conflicts between two very different groups of Ashkenazi Jews who populated São Paulo: German refugees and those who were of religiously traditional, mainly working-class origin.

Keywords:   intracommunal conflicts, Jewish immigrants, São Paulo, Brazil, European Jews, communal life, Jewish-Brazilians, immigration, Ashkenazi Jews, German refugees

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