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Test Tube FamiliesWhy the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulation$
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Naomi R. Cahn

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814716823

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814716823.001.0001

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Barriers to Conception

Barriers to Conception

(p.133) 7 Barriers to Conception
Test Tube Families

Naomi R. Cahn

NYU Press

This chapter examines the structural and cultural barriers to using assisted reproductive technology—barriers based on marital status, sexual orientation, and racial and ethnic background. There are numerous barriers to fertility, including financial difficulties. Some European countries provide routine funding for in vitro fertilization (IVF), while American health care does not tend to cover IVF costs. Reasons for infertility may also differ by race. Cultural factors may be a determinant of who will seek infertility treatments. This chapter focuses on three barriers to conception: medical infertility, structural infertility, and cultural infertility. It also considers controversial questions such as whether there should be a right to use reproductive technologies to have a child. More specifically, it explores whether the state has a right to interfere with an individual's reproductive interests. Finally, it discusses debates over genetic screening.

Keywords:   assisted reproductive technology, marital status, sexual orientation, race, conception, medical infertility, structural infertility, cultural infertility, reproductive technologies, genetic screening

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