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Test Tube FamiliesWhy the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulation$
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Naomi R. Cahn

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814716823

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814716823.001.0001

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Parenting Regulation

Parenting Regulation

(p.73) 4 Parenting Regulation
Test Tube Families

Naomi R. Cahn

NYU Press

This chapter examines how the law has responded to the families created through adoption as well as embryo, egg, and sperm donation. It also considers how judicial and legislative interpretations of the implications of reproductive technologies have affected the traditional significance of genetic and marital relationships. The chapter begins by introducing the reader to parentage rights in the United States before turning to a discussion of early cases that struggled with whether children born through gamete provision were “legitimate” or whether the mother had committed adultery. It then reviews relevant laws such as the Uniform Parentage Act, which recognizes the rights of single people to use artificial reproductive technology. Finally, it explores legal issues surrounding parentage and legitimacy, inheritance, incest, artificial insemination, and nonmarital children.

Keywords:   adoption laws, sperm donation, reproductive technologies, parentage rights, gamete provision, adultery, legitimacy, artificial insemination, nonmarital children

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