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Test Tube FamiliesWhy the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulation$
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Naomi R. Cahn

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814716823

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814716823.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction
Test Tube Families

Naomi R. Cahn

NYU Press

This book examines the processes by which biology, medicine, human determination, and the law bring babies into being. More specifically, it tackles the fundamental legal issues that underlie reproductive technologies, including assisted reproductive technology (ART). It highlights three distinct issues and their relationship to the law: the market in gametes, the creation of familial relationships through ART, and the identity interests of the resulting children. It proposes an ethical approach for legal regulation of the fertility market that respects human dignity. The rest of the book explores the technology market, including the fertility clinics and gamete suppliers; the structural and cultural barriers to using ART based on marital status, sexual orientation, and racial and ethnic background; the jurisprudential and practical issues surrounding the commodification of sperm, eggs, and embryos; and the cultural clashes affecting future regulation of ART. The book concludes by offering recommendations for future regulation of the fertility market.

Keywords:   assisted reproductive technology, gametes, fertility clinics, marital status, sexual orientation, sperm, eggs, embryos, fertility market, legal regulation

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