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Test Tube FamiliesWhy the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulation$
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Naomi R. Cahn

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814716823

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814716823.001.0001

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Finding Out

Finding Out

(p.215) 12 Finding Out
Test Tube Families

Naomi R. Cahn

NYU Press

This chapter considers the issue of whether to disclose the identity of gamete providers by focusing on the relative interests and practical concerns of all the parties involved—providers (egg/sperm donors and industry), legal parents, and offspring. Gamete identity disclosure is often discussed around children's right to know versus their parents' and the donors' right not to disclose. However, the issue cannot be framed solely in terms of rights is wrong, since there is a tendency to overlook the interests of all involved and instead muddle the issues of confidentiality and privacy. This chapter examines arguments for and against identity disclosure, along with different strategies used by other countries and whether they can be adopted in the United States. It concludes by proposing “limited disclosure” and offering recommendations on how to implement it.

Keywords:   identity, gamete providers, sperm donors, legal parents, identity disclosure, children, confidentiality, privacy, limited disclosure

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