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Test Tube FamiliesWhy the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulation$
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Naomi R. Cahn

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814716823

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814716823.001.0001

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Five-Parent Families?

Five-Parent Families?

A Parenting Proposition

(p.201) 11 Five-Parent Families?
Test Tube Families

Naomi R. Cahn

NYU Press

This chapter considers a number of solutions to the conundrum concerning the identity of parents for children born through the new reproductive technologies. Each solution presents a different test for determining who can exercise parental rights. The first involves using biology as the basis for parenthood; the second accords primary parent status solely to the mother, thus elevating the “mother-child dyad” over other family forms; the third uses intent as the basis for recognizing parenthood; and the fourth suggests that parenthood must be determined based on a combination of biology or adoption and nurturance. The chapter explains how these solutions can be used to ilustrate the significance of classifying parents for reproductive technology purposes, along with the implications of such redefinitions for the child's interests.

Keywords:   identity, parents, children, reproductive technologies, parental rights, biology, parenthood, intent, adoption, nurturance

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