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Modern Albania – From Dictatorship to Democracy in Europe - NYU Press Scholarship Online
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Modern Albania: From Dictatorship to Democracy in Europe

Fred C. Abrahams


In the early 1990s, Albania, arguably Europe’s most closed and repressive state, began a startling transition out of forty years of self-imposed Communist isolation. Albanians who were not allowed to practice religion, travel abroad, wear jeans, or read “decadent” Western literature began to devour the outside world. They opened cafés, companies, and newspapers. Previously banned rock music blared in the streets. This book offers a vivid history of Albania’s transition from communism to democracy. It provides an in-depth look at the Communists’ last Politburo meetings and the first student rev ... More

Keywords: communism, Albania, politics, student revolts, refugees, pyramid schemes, Kosovo Liberation Army, Politburo

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780814705117
Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016 DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814705117.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Fred C. Abrahams, author

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Part I Out of the Dark: The Leader’s Demise, 1985–1990

Part II Blinded by Light: The Democratic Movement, 1990–1992

Part III Red to Blue: Democratic Party Rules, 1992–1996

Part IV Blinded by Gold: Crash of the Pyramids, 1997

Part V Return to Red: Ex-Communists Rule, 1998

Part VI Red and Black: The Kosovo War, 1998–1999

Part VII Black and Blue: Battered Politics of Transition, 2000–2014