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Freedom's GardenerJames F. Brown, Horticulture, and the Hudson Valley in Antebellum America$
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Myra B. Young Armstead

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780814705100

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814705100.001.0001

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Into the Promised Land

Into the Promised Land

(p.28) 2 Into the Promised Land
Freedom's Gardener

Myra B. Young Armstead

NYU Press

This chapter describes how Anthony Chase made his way to New York City and re-christened himself James F. Brown. According to Verplanck family folklore, Daniel Crommelin Verplanck hired a black waiter around this time for the family's Manhattan residence. It was also Brown himself who ultimately paid for his own emancipation, but this arrangement would not have been possible without the assistance of Verplanck, who offered a kind of down payment or bond for the deal. The exchange of written commitments from a man of his stature and wealth was the kind of satisfaction or financial surety that his former owner, Mrs Susan Williams needed in order to agree to relinquish claim to Brown. The chapter also discusses how Brown came to absorb mainstream notions of manhood—that is, manhood in terms that crossed racial boundaries.

Keywords:   James F. Brown, former slave, Anthony Chase, New York City, manhood, Daniel Crommelin Verplanck

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