Page of

(p.253) Index

(p.253) Index

Source:
Authentically Black and Truly Catholic
Publisher:
NYU Press
Adams, Elizabeth Laura, 217n63
Adrian Dominican sisters, 17
Africa/Africans, 1, 7, 9, 31–33, 39–40, 104, 173–176, 234n88
African Americans:
academic study of, 10, 129, 176, 181;
and the Great Migrations, 3–6, 12, 16, 19, 21–28, 30, 39, 48, 93, 96, 102–103, 111, 198;
as “heathens,” 16, 22, 28–33, 40, 46, 48, 163;
non-religious, 139;
Protestants, 4, 7, 22, 24, 46, 51, 57, 60, 100, 108–109, 139, 141, 164, 173, 175–176, 184, 188, 198;
and self-definition, 119–120, 124, 147;
African Methodist Episcopal Church, 4, 96, 98
Afro-American Catholic Congresses, 205n36
Afro-American Firemen’s League, 137, 139, 150
Afro-American Patrolmen’s League (AAPL), 121–122, 133, 137, 139, 150–153, 170–171
Afro-American Youth Organization, 139
aggiornamento, 118–120
Agnella, Sister Mary, 124
Alabama, 21, 64, 122
Ali, Noble Drew, 104. See also Moorish Science Temple of America
All Nations Pentecostal church, 95
Alvez, Joshua, 132, 134
America (periodical), 58
Archdiocese of Chicago, 14, 17, 30, 52–53, 56, 64, 121, 125–128, 132–134, 137, 144–145, 148, 166, 179
Arizti, Fernando, 197
ARK of St. Sabina, 195
Armstrong, Louis, 86, 92
Asad, Talal, 61, 80
Auburn Gresham (neighborhood), 195–196
Avella, Steven, 53
Baldwin, Davarian, 99, 101
Baltimore, 6, 20, 38, 117, 158, 180
Baltimore Catechism, 42, 49, 72
Baptists, 1, 17, 23–25, 47, 53, 76, 78, 82, 95–97, 109, 112, 125, 140–141, 144, 169, 171–175
Barth, Father Pius, 110, 113
Belafonte, Harry, 197
Best, Wallace D., 24, 87, 93–94
Big Bethel AME Church (Atlanta), 98, 100
Biondi, Martha, 129, 224n11, 234n85
Black, Timuel, 109
Black Belt (Chicago), 19–20, 25–27, 32, 35, 40, 49, 54, 95, 196
Black Catholic Clergy Caucus (BCCC), 130–132, 137, 144, 154–155, 158–159, 162, 226n44, 227n50
(p.254) Black Catholicism, 1–6, 9–10, 16–17, 117, 128–129, 154–155, 158–159, 196, 200–201;
and missionary Catholicism, 174, 187–193, 199;
Black Catholic Movement, 17, 131, 151, 152–168, 173–175, 178, 184, 187–192, 197, 199–200
Black Catholics:
and slavery, 7, 9, 38, 51, 121, 191, 210n66;
converts, 4–7, 16, 23, 27–48, 77, 79–82, 87, 96–97, 106, 164, 189;
decline of, in Chicago, 156–160, 162, 164;
divisions among, 5, 124, 134–135, 142, 187–189;
growth of, in Chicago, 16, 20–21, 40, 158
Black Chicago Renaissance (New Negro movement), 92–93, 99
“Black Church,” 1, 4, 9–10, 15–16, 77, 96–97, 104, 154, 171, 175–178, 189–191, 199, 205n30
Black Consortium, 137, 139
Black Gods of the Metropolis: Negro Religious Cults of the Urban North (Fauset), 46, 103–105
Black Hebrews, 16, 82, 86, 103–107, 112, 114, 198–199
Black Lay Catholic Caucus, 169–170
Black Liberation flag, 141, 182
“Black Manifesto,” 175
Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City (Drake and Cayton), 62, 86, 216n46
Black Moors. See Moorish Americans
Black national anthem, 182
Black National Economic Conference, 175
A Black Nun Looks at Black Power (Thibodeaux), 149
Black Panthers, 5, 14, 17, 116, 119, 121–123, 128, 133–139, 151–153, 163, 182, 199
“Black Perspectives on Evangelization in the Modern World” (pastoral letter), 190
Black Power, 3, 9, 91, 119, 121–123, 127, 162–163, 173, 224n10–11, 225n19, 233n62, 237n123;
Black Catholic critics of, 142, 187–189;
and Black Catholicism, the rise of, 5–7, 13–15, 17, 115, 117, 128–139, 142, 147–151, 154–156, 164–165, 169–170, 178–187, 189, 199–201, 203n9;
and self-definition, 119–120, 124, 147;
and self-determination, 5, 14, 17, 116, 119–120, 123–124, 130–132, 137, 140, 145, 147–151, 153, 156, 162, 165–170, 178–179, 189, 193, 199;
transition from Civil Rights to, 13–14, 120, 122, 128–129, 150, 170, 199, 224n9
Black Power: The Politics of Liberation (Carmichael and Hamilton), 131, 168, 170, 233n62
Black Priest/White Church: Catholics and Racism (Lucas), 8, 138, 163, 188, 215n29
“Black religion,” 6, 15, 23–24, 43, 46–47, 57, 82, 86–87, 93–98, 100–102, 138, 175, 191, 198, 234n88;
and Black Spirituality, 1, 4, 9, 15, 96, 174, 192
Black Theology, 164
Black Unity Masses, 14, 135–151
Bontemps, Arna, 92
Boston, 110
(p.255) Boyd, Louis, 153
Boyo, Father Chris Edema, 176
Brandewie, Ernest, 31
Braxton, Edward, 2, 232n52
Brazil, 7
Brigham, Father Kenneth, 132, 150
Bronzeville (neighborhood), 8, 27, 32, 35, 40–42, 53, 62, 83, 86, 93, 97, 108–109, 121, 197, 216n46
Brooks, Gwendolyn, 92
Brown v. Board of Education, 11, 13, 129
Buetow, Harold A., 63, 68
Burns, Charles, 162, 231n29
Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nuñes, 7
Carmichael, Stokely, 13, 119, 130–131, 168, 170, 199, 224n10, 233n62
Carmon, Father Dominic, 150–151
Catholic Action movement, 28
Catholic Charities, 195
The Catholic Church and the American Negro (Gillard), 47
Catholic Interracial Council, 11–13, 45, 129, 133–134, 137
Catholics/Catholicism, 2, 16, 25, 57, 62, 114, 125, 129, 143, 148–149, 155–156, 160, 163–165, 174, 178, 183–185, 199–201, 205n36, 216n47;
conversion of African Americans, 4–7, 16, 23, 27–48, 77, 79–82, 87, 96–97, 106, 164, 189;
historiography of, 10–16, 129;
Italian, 11, 19, 167, 174, 199;
and marriage, 75–79;
as the “One True Church,” 35, 48–49, 51, 59–60, 74, 77, 80–81, 97, 107, 111–112, 117, 146, 154, 156, 164, 183, 193, 219n99;
Polish, 25, 143, 167, 174, 199;
The Catholic World, 58
Cayton, Horace, 62, 86, 216n46
Cherry, Prophet F. S., 104–105
Chicago, 6, 17, 20, 23, 26–27, 54–55, 92, 108, 117, 120, 144, 148, 152, 156–157, 164, 167, 170–171, 195–196, 199;
as a Catholic Metropolis, 6, 25, 31, 195;
as the “Black Metropolis,” 6, 8, 16, 23, 26, 82, 86–87, 92–97, 111–112, 117;
Black migration to, 6, 16, 19, 21–27, 79;
Black population of, 19–20, 27, 158;
Black Power in, 6, 14, 17, 120–123, 135–138, 150–151, 178–187;
Black Renaissance in, 92–93, 99;
as a foreign mission field, 16, 21–22, 29–48, 52–53;
religious landscape of, 25, 44, 82, 95, 168;
segregation in, 23, 156–159. See also names of specific neighborhoods, churches, and schools
Chicago American, 89
Chicago Conference on Laymen, 137, 139
Chicago Defender, 23, 29, 102, 143, 209n42
Chicago Freedom Movement (CFM), 120, 197
Chicago Plan, 52, 56, 58, 63, 71, 75, 86, 179, 183
Chicago Police Department (CPD), 122–123, 135, 140, 152, 170–171;
“Red Squad” (CPD Tactical Unit), 135, 140–141
Chicago race riot of 1919, 8, 26
Chicago Tribune, 102, 140, 157, 220n15
Chinguku, Father Alkuin, 176
Church of God, 104
(p.256) civil rights movement, 10–14, 119, 122–123, 129, 140, 150, 166, 173, 198–199, 205n30, 226n30;
transition to Black Power from, 13–14, 120, 122, 128–129, 150, 170, 199, 224n9
Cleage, Albert, 175
Cobb, Rev. Clarence, 95
Cody, Cardinal John P., 116, 125–128, 132, 137–140, 148, 150–151, 165–166
Cold War, 10, 65
Colgate Rochester Divinity School, 175
Commandment Keepers Ethiopian Hebrew Congregation of the Living God, 103, 112
Commission for Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians, 39
Committee for One Society, 137
Commonweal, 58
Concerned Black Catholics (CBC), 116, 132–142, 145–150, 155
Concerned Transit Workers, 137, 139
Cone, James, 175
Connelly, Mark, 97–98
Convert Makers of America (CMOA), 28
Co-Ordinating Council on Community Organization, 122
Copeland, M. Shawn, 12, 238n5
Corpus Christi (parish), 20–21, 26, 32–34, 38, 52–55, 78, 93, 96, 121, 144–145, 196, 198, 219n3;
and Living Stations of the Cross, 69, 83, 86–91, 98–99, 101–102, 107–114, 117, 185, 219n2
Corpus Christi School, 68, 121
Council of Trent, 118
Cousins, William, 137
Crane College/Malcolm X College, 225n19
Curia, 118
Curran, Father Patrick, 56, 212n118, 214n21
Daley, Richard J., 122, 130
Davis, Angela, 13, 130, 182
Davis, Cyprian, 7, 9–10, 211n78
Davis, Brother Joseph M., 158, 162, 174, 187, 189, 192
Davis, Nancy M., 114
DePaul University, 71, 181
Detroit, 6, 23, 114, 130
devotionalism, 16, 87, 111, 115, 117, 188, 218n81
devotion moderna, 31
Dillard, Angela, 14
Dorsey, Thomas A., 92
Douglass, Frederick, 166
Drake, St. Clair, 62, 86, 216n46
Drexel, Mother Katharine, 33, 59, 210n61
Du Bois, W. E. B., 93–96
Dunch, Ryan, 34
Ebony, 29, 74, 114, 179
Eckert, Father Joseph, 32, 39–45, 50, 52–55
Elsen, Father Vincent, 144
Englewood (neighborhood), 17
Esteban/Estevanico (Moroccan slave), 7
evangelical Christianity, 4–5, 7, 15–16, 82, 86–87, 104–107, 111–113, 164, 188, 197
Evans, Curtis, 15, 43, 107
Evans, Rev. John, 101
Evers, Medgar, 154
Extension (periodical), 109–110
Faith Community of St. Sabina, 195–198
Falsani, Cathleen, 196
Fanon, Franz, 9, 162–163
(p.257) Farrakhan, Minister Louis, 197
Farrell, Father Martin, 52–55, 58, 60, 72–73, 77–79, 86, 197, 214n13
Father Divine, 112
Fauset, Arthur Huff, 46, 102, 104–106, 212n17
Feast of Corpus Christi, 107–108
Feast of St. Peter Claver, 1, 191
Feast of the Immaculate Conception, 65
Feast of the Seven Dolors, 2, 110
Federal Bureau of Investigation, 152
Federal Housing Administration, 157
Federated Colored Catholics, 205n36
Feeney, Rev. Daniel, 63
First Church of the Deliverance Spiritualist, 47, 95
First Vatican Council, 118
Fletcher, Winona, 98, 100
Fochtmann, Father David, 87, 101
For God So Loved the World (painting), 197
Fort Mose, 7
Forty Hours of Devotion, 107
Foster, Michèle, 64, 216n46
Franciscan friars, 20, 33, 87, 89, 91, 113
Franciscan Herald, 100
Franciscan Province of the Sacred Heart, 33, 110
Freeing the Spirit, 176, 189–190
Freeman, Eldridge, 179–180
Gadpaille, Mary Dolores, 2–5, 8–9, 78, 110–114, 198, 220n21
Garfield Boulevard Improvement Association, 53
Garvey, Marcus, 131
Gaudium et Spes, 150
Genealogies of Religion (Asad), 80
George, Cardinal Francis, 197–198
Getz, Anne, 140
Giggie, John, 23
Gillard, John T., 47
Grand Boulevard (neighborhood), 157, 165, 183
Gravissimum Educationis, 161
Great Migrations, 3–6, 12, 16, 19, 21–28, 30, 39, 48, 93, 96, 102–103, 111, 198
Greeley, Andrew, 43
Green, Adam, 92–93
The Green Pastures (Connelly), 97–98
Gregory, Archbishop Wilton D., 17–18, 39, 192–193, 211n81
Grey, Sister Martin DePorres, 130–131, 173, 192
Grossman, James, 23
Growing Up African American in Catholic Schools (Irvine and Foster), 64
Haiti, 7, 176, 178
Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd, 11
Hamilton, Charles, 131, 168, 170, 233n62
Hampton, Fred, 14, 123, 133–134, 152–154, 230n8
Harding, Vincent, 176
Harlem, 29, 138, 163, 214n13
Harlem Renaissance, 29, 92, 114
Hatch, John, 133
“heathen,” 16, 22, 28–33, 40, 46, 48, 163
Heaven Bound (play), 98, 100–101
Heywood, Linda, 7
Higginbotham, Evelyn Brooks, 24
Holiness-Pentecostalism, 1, 24–25, 44, 47, 82, 86, 93, 95, 104–106, 112
Holy Angels (parish), 17, 54, 71, 150–151, 152–157, 161, 165–173, 178–187, 195–196, 198, 200
Holy Angels School, 71, 166, 235nn93–94, 236n110
Horne, Lena, 86
Hortensia, Sister, 181
Howard, Mary, 19, 84, 198
Hoy, Suellen, 33–34, 59
Imani Temple African-American Catholic Congregation, 229n91
immigrants/immigration, 4, 10, 33–36, 92, 97, 108, 117, 157, 167, 181, 204n25
(p.258) Inner City Priests Conference (ICPC), 137, 148
Interdenominational Ministers Alliance, 173
Interracial Review, 58
Ireland, 34, 181
Irvine, Jacqueline Jordan, 64, 68, 70
Italy, 34, 64
Jackson, Mahalia, 182
Jackson, Rev. A. P., 109
Jackson, Rev. Jesse, 125, 139–140, 173
Jackson, Rosemary, 169
Jackson State College, 154
Jamaica, 114, 176
Janssen, Father Arnold, 31
Jim Crow, 13, 19, 22, 186
Johnson, Karen, 13, 129
Johnson, Monsignor George, 63
Johnson, Sylvester, 7, 32, 103–104
Jones, Willa Saunders, 97
Josephite Fathers, 39, 47, 158, 173
Jubilee, 58
Kallay, Jane Sophia. See Therese, Sister Mary Francis
Kentucky, 21, 121
Kentucky Holy Land, 121
King, Coretta Scott, 197
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 12–14, 120–122, 125, 129–131, 136;
as a saint, 136–137, 140, 152, 154, 165–166, 197;
assassination of, 116, 121, 129–130, 154, 199
King, Rev. D. E., 171
LaChapelle, Father James, 150, 188
LaFarge, Father John, 45
Laguerre, Michael, 176–178
Lambert, Father Rollins, 126–128, 130–140, 142, 144, 148, 150–151, 169, 225n27, 227n50
Lead Me, Guide Me: The African American Catholic Hymnal, 192–193
Levine, Lawrence, 176
Life, 109
Life is Worth Living (television show), 109
Living Stations of the Cross, 83–92, 97, 106–107, 113–115, 117, 121, 185, 188, 219n2, 220n12;
news coverage of, 97–102, 109–110, 221n39;
and Protestant passion plays, 97–101
Long, Charles, 176
Los Angeles Times, 140
Louisiana, 20, 98, 180, 211n71
Loyola College (Baltimore), 180
Lucas, Father Lawrence, 8, 138–139, 141, 149, 151, 159, 163, 188–189, 192, 215n29, 226n40, 237n130
Lyke, Bishop James P., 17–18, 192–193
Lymore, Kimberly M., 197
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, 122
Martin Luther King Laymen’s League, 137
Martin Luther King Program in Black Church Studies, 175–176
Maryland, 20, 121, 180
Massingale, Bryan, 12, 203n9, 232n51
Matthew, Rabbi Wentworth, 104, 106
McClory, Robert, 159, 164
McDannell, Colleen, 26, 96
McDermott, John, 164
McGreevy, John, 11–13, 25–26, 56, 129, 150, 160, 216n47, 226n30, 235n93
McGuiness, Margaret, 59
McKay, Claude, 29, 114
Menéndez, Francisco, 7
(p.259) Methodists, 1, 4, 8, 25, 47, 53, 96, 171. See also African Methodist Episcopal Church
Mexico, 7, 34, 64
Meyer, Cardinal Albert, 125
Midwest Clergy Conference on Negro Welfare (MCCNW), 45–47, 56, 169
Milwaukee, 6, 56, 181
missions/missionaries, 5–6, 12, 16–18, 27–28, 50, 93, 115, 154–156, 162–164, 169, 174, 176, 197–200, 212n118, 214n13;
and Black Power, 178–187;
and Catholic schools, 52–61, 71, 75, 81, 117;
and Chicago as a foreign mission field, 16, 21–22, 29–48, 52–53;
and cultural imperialism, 154–156, 210n66;
and the rise of Black Catholicism, 187–193
Mississippi Delta, 23–24
Mitchell, Rev. Dr. Henry H., 175–176
Mitchell, Thomas, 133–135, 138
Mooney, Father Michael, 144
Moore, Cecilia, 58, 77, 214n27
Moorish Americans, 86, 104–107, 112, 114, 199
Moorish Science Temple of America (MST), 103–106, 112
Motley, Archibald John Jr., 92
Moynihan, Daniel Patrick, 186–187
Muhammad, Honorable Elijah, 104, 131, 167–168, 173
Mundelein, Cardinal George, 27
National Black Sisters’ Conference (NBSC), 131–132, 154, 159, 173
National Catholic Conference on Interracial Justice, 164
National Catholic Educational Association, 63
National Catholic Reporter, 159, 164
National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB), 159
National Convention of Black Lay Catholics, 159
National Eucharistic Congress, 28
National Office for Black Catholics (NOBC), 158–161, 176, 189–191
Native Americans, 20, 29, 33–34, 39
Neary, Timothy, 13, 26, 62, 109, 129, 216n46
“Negro Apostolate,” 45–46, 163
The Negro Family:
The Case for National Action (Moynihan), 186–187
New Jersey, 29
New Negro movement. See Black Chicago Renaissance
New Orleans, 6, 19–21, 28, 117, 121
Newsweek, 159, 164
Newton, Huey P., 123
New World (newspaper), 28, 99, 127, 143, 145–146, 152, 179, 221n39, 227n50
New York Amsterdam News, 98
New York City, 6, 23, 186
Nixon, Richard, 167, 233n60
Noll, Bishop John, 28
nonviolence, 14, 130–131
Northwestern University, 224n10, 225n19
Nutt, Maurice, 12
Oakland (Chicago neighborhood), 167
Oberammergau, Germany, 87, 113
Olivet Baptist church, 95
Operation Breadbasket, 125, 137, 140, 150
Order of Friars Minor. See Franciscan friars
Orsi, Robert, 32, 63–64, 68–69, 91, 99
Osia, Father J. Kunirum, 176
O’Toole, James, 59
Our Lady of Perpetual Help, 150
Our Lady’s Sodality, 66
(p.260) Parish Boundaries:
The Catholic Encounter with Race in the Twentieth Century Urban North (McGreevy), 11, 25, 235n93
The Parish Catechism: Written Especially for Instructing Non-Catholic People in the Basic Teachings of Religion (Farrell), 60, 72–73, 79
Parish Gleanings (Corpus Christi parish bulletin), 91
Parks, Rosa, 14
parochial schools. See Catholic schools
Peace Mission Movement, 112
Pentecostalism. See Holiness-Pentecostalism
Perry, Theresa, 173
Pfleger, Father Michael L., 196–198
Phelps, Sister Jamie, 12, 174–175, 192, 230n12
Philadelphia, 33, 104
Pimblott, Kerry, 14
Pope Clement XII, 88
Pope John XXIII, 118
Pope Paul VI, 1
Pope Pius XII, 29, 65
Porter, Father Herman, 130
Potter, Father Aidan, 100–101
Presbyterians, 49, 78
“Progressives” (Black Baptist reformers), 24
Protestant Reformation, 51, 114, 118
Quigley Preparatory Seminary, 121
Raboteau, Albert, 10, 146, 176
Rainbow Coalition, 123
“religion,” 4, 6, 11–14, 25, 32, 51, 60–61, 77, 80–81, 105, 199, 213n3. See also “Black religion”; conversion
“religio-racial movements,” 86, 102–103, 105–106, 112, 114
Revolutionary Action Movement, 122
Richards, Father Joseph, 52–58, 71, 86, 181, 197, 214n13
Ritual and its Consequences (Seligman, et al), 60
Rivers, Father Clarence Joseph, 187, 190
Robinson, Renault “Reggie,” 122, 153, 171
Rockford, Illinois, 130
Rogovin, Milton, 94–95
Roman, Sister Mary, 68–70,
“romantic racialism,” 43
Rummel, Archbishop Joseph, 28–29
Rush, Bobby, 123, 152–153
“sacred slumming,” 99–101
Sacrosanctum Concilium, 136
San Francisco State University, 123
Satter, Beryl, 8
Scanlan, Father Gerald, 122, 124–126, 128
Scott, William Edouard, 92
School Sisters of St. Francis, 181, 184
Seale, Bobby, 123
Second Plenary Council of Baltimore, 38
segregation, 8, 12–13, 19, 23, 45;
in Catholic churches, 12, 30, 52, 114, 156–159, 180, 226n44;
in Chicago housing, 156–159;
in schools, 62, 64
Self, Robert O., 157, 224n9
self-formation, 34, 63–74, 77, 80–81
Selma, Alabama, 122
Sertum Laetitiae, 29
Shea, John Gilmary, 28
Sheen, Bishop Fulton, 109, 113
Shrine of St. Martin Luther King Jr., 152, 165–166
Singh, Nikhil Pal, 14
Sisters of Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 123
Sisters of St. Francis, 33–34, 121, 181, 184
Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament for Indians and Colored People (SBS), 20, 33, 35–39, 52, 65, 67
(p.261) Slater, Jack, 179
slavery/slaves, 7, 9, 32, 38, 51, 93, 95, 103–104, 107, 121, 131, 157, 176, 186, 191, 210n66, 234n88
Smith, Elder Lucy, 95
Smith, Father Paul, 161, 165, 180–186, 235n94
Smith, J. Z., 10
Sobczyk, Sister Mary Clarice, 71–73, 218n78
Society of the Divine Word (SVD), 30–32, 35, 39–40, 53
The Song of Bernadette (film), 76, 218n78
The Souls of Black Folk (Du Bois), 95
Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 120, 125
South Side (Chicago), 8, 17, 19, 21, 25, 29, 32–35, 39–40, 48, 52–54, 76, 84, 87, 92–93, 113, 116, 122–123, 126, 132, 145, 152, 156, 161, 165, 167, 171, 178, 188, 193, 195–199
Spiritualists, 25, 47, 95
Stallings, George Augustus, 229n91
St. Anselm (parish), 26–27, 35–36, 40, 52, 65, 218n83
St. Bernadette, 76
St. Carthage School, 17, 39
St. Charles Borromeo (Harlem parish), 214n13
St. Cyprian of Carthage, 31
St. Dorothy Parish Council, 133, 137
St. Dorothy School, 123–124, 126
St. Edmund’s Episcopal Church, 96
St. Elizabeth (parish), 26, 35–36, 40, 50, 52–56, 58, 150, 188
St. Elizabeth School, 65
St. James (parish), 54, 126–127, 132, 135–136, 138, 141
St. John Church-Baptist, 173
St. Jude, 76, 218n80
St. Malachy (parish), 53–54, 57, 198, 215n30
St. Martin (parish), 132–133, 135
St. Mary of the Lake Seminary, 53, 121
St. Monica (parish), 30, 40, 50
St. Monica School, 42
Stono Rebellion, 7
storefront churches, 25, 48, 82, 87, 94–95, 106
St. Philip Lutheran Church, 171
Streisand, Barbara, 167, 233n60
Strueder, Sister Helen, 181–195
St. Sabina Academy, 195, 197
St. Sabina Elders Village, 195
St. Sabina Employment Resource Center, 195
St. Sabina (parish), 195–198
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, 119
Sugrue, Thomas, 134, 224n11, 233n62
Sutor, David (journalist), 165, 178–179, 193, 235n94, 235n110
Tarry, Ellen, 60, 70
That You May Die Easy (Gadpaille), 76
Therese, Sister Mary Frances, 36–37, 58–59, 75, 81, 111
Thibodeaux, Sister Mary Roger, 149
Third Order of St. Francis, 110
Third Plenary Council of Baltimore, 38
Thornton, John K., 7
Tolton, Father Augustus, 9, 114
The Torch, 58
Tre Ore service, 42, 109
Turner, Thomas Wyatt, 205n36
Turner, Victor, 99
Uganda, 1
ultramontanism, 216n47
Unitatis Redintegratio, 183
University of Chicago, 133
University of Scranton, 180
U.S. Catholic, 165
(p.262) Vatican II. See Second Vatican Council
Verda, Sister Mary, 71
via crucis. See Way of the Cross
Visitation (parish), 53
Vodou, 178
Voting Rights Act of 1965, 11
Walker, Margaret, 92
“Wall of Black Saints,” 153–154
Walls, Pedro, 132–134
Way of the Cross, 2, 43, 83, 88, 90–91, 99, 101, 110. See also Living Stations of the Cross
Weisenfeld, Judith, 102–103, 105–106
Wentworth Gardens (housing project), 17
West, Cornel, 197
“What We Have Seen and Heard” (pastoral letter), 1, 10, 191
whiteness, 57, 156, 163, 178, 188, 200, 224n11. See also Blackness
Whites Concerned about the Black Community, 135
Williams, Father Clarence, 151, 159–160
Williams, Jakobi, 170
Williams, Mary Lou, 190
Williams, Shannen Dee, 38, 226n44
Wilmore, Gayraud, 176
World War I, 21–22
World War II, 21–22
Wright, Rev. Jeremiah, 197
Wright, Richard, 92
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